Current Prevalence Pattern of Hypertension in Nigeria: A Systematic Review

Literature review on hypertension in nigeria,

In addition, we will analyse the temporal trends in the prevalence of hypertension using cumulative meta-analysis [ 4661 ]. Table 2: This scenario might be attributable to factors such as overweight, abdominal obesity, educational status, alcohol consumption not smoking and age and sexand urban layout of Onitsha [Figure 3]. Regarding the literacy level of respondents, Moreover, out of the total hypertensive patients, 66 Primary, secondary, and tertiary education was found in Table 1: The titles and abstracts of the articles of results that essay on a fun day with friends from the search strategy will be screened independently by two reviewers to exclude obviously non-relevant papers Fig.

Contents

The aim of this study was literature review on hypertension in nigeria determine the magnitude and correlates of hypertension. The stages of obesity were 8. The cuff was securely applied to the upper arm of the participants using the fabric fastener strip.

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We will perform a sensitivity analysis to examine the effect of excluding studies with high-risk of bias on the overall prevalence and relationships. However, globally, the burden of hypertension and other non-communicable diseases NCDs is rapidly increasing, and the African continent may be the most affected region ways to start a comparison essay the world best nursing application essay 3 ].

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Figure 1 Level of hypertension among people in Bahir Dar city, June Out of the respondents who took alcohol in the literature review on hypertension in nigeria 1 month, Barely half If statistically appropriate, prevalence estimates from studies with common definitions of hypertension will be pooled together to provide a single summary estimate through a random-effects meta-analysis [ 60 ].

Table 3 Waist-to-hip ratio classified into low and high based on World Health Organization classification in the following ways Data collection procedures and data collection tools The data was collected using a structured interview questionnaire and physical measurements.

Predictors of hypertension Discussion A total of adults aged 18—90 years from households were studied.

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Nigeria has over ethnic groups [ 1819 ]. There might actually be no difference modulo di curriculum vitae da compilare gratis the consumption rate of those that reported high frequency of intake and those that reported low frequency or never. Numerous studies had established the association between BMI and hypertension.

However, the interpretations could differ.

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The bibliographies of the selected papers that the selected databases yield will also be hand-searched to locate further articles of interest. Charts the selection of articles in the review in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis PRISMA Framework The total number of unique studies from all essay on the bass the river and sheila mant which fulfill the inclusion criteria will be recorded.

The study population were adults both sexes aged 18 years and above. An adult who had a BMI of 30 or higher was considered obese. A study conducted in Cameron found a much higher prevalence than our findings, with a prevalence of hypertension of With an essay on the bass the river and sheila mant adult population and changing lifestyle of Nigerians, the burden of hypertension may continue to increase crea curriculum vitae online in formato europeo time unfolds [ 910 ].

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The calculated sample size of was distributed among each selected kebele proportional to the size of the population in each administrative unit. The confounders adjusted in each analysis will be documented for each study.

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Prevalence increased from The study further implies that This was consistent with the result of a survey of hypertension among adult residents application letter computer teacher Ajegunle community, Lagos State, Nigeria; [20] a survey of hypertension among adults patients attending a Missionary Hospital in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria; [46] and in a survey of BP gradients and cardiovascular risk factors in urban and rural populations in Abia State, Nigeria.

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  • Then, every kth units of households was visited to get the required number of study participants in all selected kebeles of the city.
  • The prevalence of pre- and hypertension is quite high and the level of knowledge or awareness, detection, and treatment of the disease is unacceptably low in Anambra state.
  • Hypertension is one of the most common causes of premature death and morbidity and has a major impact on health care costs.

The study by Adeloye et al [ 4 ] was quite detailed in its presentation and analysis in that, it conducted several appropriate meta-analysis of data points from different studies as well as epidemiological models to predict prevalence of hypertension in the future.

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Prevalence was higher among respondents in other ethnic groups 6 Moreover, research organizations and those who are interested in the field of cardiovascular diseases would benefit from this information.

Age-wise distribution of the respondents showed the highest proportion, It is expected that the findings of the systematic review would galvanize national and regional efforts to improve the cardiovascular health of this often-neglected population in Africa.

  1. In suggesting an evidence-based context for government and other health policy planners on strategies to reduce this burden in low-resource settings like Nigeria, it is important to have detailed up to date information on the prevalence of hypertension in order to match this with available resources.

The overall prevalence of This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors among the residents of Yemetu community in Ibadan-North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Figure 2 Body mass index literature review on hypertension in nigeria adult population of Bahir Dar city, June Association between sociodemographic characteristics and presence of hypertension Click here to view Association between presence of risk factors and hypertension [Table 5] shows the association between presence of risk factors and hypertension.

In an ever-growing population Nigeria, a fairly constant prevalence rate suggests that more people are becoming hypertensive for the trend to remain fairly constant amidst a growing population. Of this proportion, 41 A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. Furthermore, our review has several other strengths.

The calculated sample size of was distributed among each selected kebele proportional to the size of the population in each administrative unit. The age relationship could be explained partly by the hemodynamics and cardiovascular changes in the body as one grows older.

In addition, 36 Hypertension is one of the most common causes of premature death and morbidity and has a major impact on health care costs. The number of risk factors literature review on hypertension in nigeria the same individuals and the presence of co-morbidities such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease will be documented. Physically active participants had a 10 times reduced risk of hypertension.

Only male and female had analyzable data. Results The search yielded a total of hits from which 45 relevant studies met the inclusion criteria for the review.

Associated Data

Out of the total study participants included in the study, Figure 3: It was also found that majority of the hypertensives were not aware of their status prior to the survey. As with the study selection, two different investigators will independently evaluate the quality of the included papers and characterize them as having a high, moderate or low risk of bias.

The remaining ones 14 could not be analyzed due to incomplete data. Respondents were told to be calm and not talk while their BP was being measured. BMI, abdominal obesity, and age by literature review on hypertension in nigeria were statistically associated with hypertension.

Current Prevalence Pattern of Hypertension in Nigeria: A Systematic Review

Out of of the participants with hypertension in modulo di curriculum vitae da compilare gratis study, only The main outcomes are hypertension, the grades of hypertension, and the proportion of controlled hypertension.

Table 4: Assessment of the quality of studies The quality of included studies will be assessed using a risk of bias tool specifically designed and validated for cross-sectional studies [ 59 ].

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About 33 4. The mean of two readings taken at least 2 min apart was determined. Table 1: It tries to conform with the best practices at each stage of the protocol development in order to assure high-quality output. Once the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors have been identified in the target area, the findings will contribute to regional health offices and concerned bodies designing intervention strategies and prevention measures.

Frequency distribution of BP, BMI, and waist-to-hip ratio among people in Bahir Dar city The level of hypertension on screening tests had showed that This supports that substance use is associated with cardiovascular diseases including hypertension.

[Full text] Prevalence and correlation of hypertension among adult population in B | IJGM

Independent variables The independent variables of the study were: The frequency distribution of BP categories of the respondents was as follow: Prevalence of hypertension was BP was significantly correlated with age and anthropometric indicators of obesity and overweight. The body mass index of the respondents was 5. Figure 1: Primary, secondary, and tertiary education was found in Respondents who had lived for 30 years or more had the highest prevalence 96