Trans-Alaskan Pipeline

Alaska case study geography gcse, free download

It borders the Canadian state of Yukon to the East. Sea birds killed by the Exxon Valdez oil spill To transfer this petroleum companies use the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, which pumps the oil km south to Valdez and through some rough terrain and mountains. The Russian tundra has been exploited for mineral deposits such as phosphates, gold, tin, natural gas; and most recently the Russian government has announced a plan to use nuclear powered oil rigs to exploit oil reserves in the Arctic Ocean. Reducing the essay linking words and phrases of challenges 1 Utilities such as water and sewage in town are bult in 'utlidors' - above ground insulated corridors - to avoid digging into perafrost and prevent melting. Alaska has many industries and natural resources that can offer both opportunities and challenges.

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However, they are expensive to build and maintain and may still freeze, causing damage and cutting off supplies. Alaska also has loads of potential for Hydroelectric power, thanks to its steep relief and plentiful rivers.

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But it is difficult to bring in enough for normal usuage this way - this may mean supplis are limited and prices rise. Trans-Alaska Pipeline tranpsorts the oil and is miles long.

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Similarly, some sections of the Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline are raised on stilts 3m above ground to prevent damage to the Permafrost. People go to ski, go to dog sled festivals, sight see, fish and hunt, and try other adventurous activities.

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Alaska Natives have been harvesting salmon and many other types of fish since the early 17th century. Alpine environments are found at high altitude in the main mountain ranges of the world beyond the European Alps, in regions such as the Himalayas, the Rockies and the Andes.

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However, Mining can be damaging to the environment, particularly in this fragile wilderness. They are a traditional community, and originally they survived by hunting and gathering. Toxic materials such as Arsenic can be used and open cast mining leaves huge scars on the landscape. Tourism helps thousands of businesses as tourists take their tours, dine in their restaurants, and stay in their guest rooms.

This is known as the positive multiplier effect. Glacial environments are found within polar and alpine areas and glaciers are present in every continent. The capacity of glaciers to move relatively fast forwards advance and become shorter in length retreat means this cold environment is more dynamic over a shorter timescale than the others.

Alaska is almost tax free. It borders the Canadian state of Yukon to the East. The ice here is not as consistent as in Antarctica and the thickness and distribution of the ice can vary throughout the year.

Exposure to extreme my son takes forever to do his homework can cause injury or death and medical care may be a long distance away. You're now subscribed to receive email updates!

Alaska Case Study - Revision Cards in A Level and IB Geography

Dozens of hydro projects provide power to Alaskans, including the megawatt Alaska Energy Authority-owned Bradley Lake project near Homer. Pollock fisheries in the Bering Sea are very important.

Alaska has many industries and natural resources that can offer both opportunities and challenges. Altitude also affects the distribution of cold environments. The northernmost part of the refuge is an area known as the lands - a coastal plain between the Brooks Range and the Beaufort Sea that is not covered by wilderness designated protection.

AQA Case Studies Geography

In January a proposal was put forward to open the lands up for petroleum exploration and development. This allows for the improvement of infrastructure and public services, improving the socio economic conditions of the area and allowing for even more development.

The main cause of cold environments is latitude. The largest areas of periglacial landscape occur in the northern hemisphere in central to northern Canada and Alaska, northern Scandinavia and northern Siberia, along with the Tibetan plateau lower latitude but higher altitudealthough there are less extensive periglacial regions in the southern hemisphere along the flanks of the Andes, in parts of Patagonia of southern South America and the unglaciated margins of Antarctica.

Platinum was also discovered inthe platinum at Goodnews Bay is today the largest domestic source of this metal, used in electronics, dentistry, and in corrosion-resisting alloys. They are characterised by long periods each year of very cold conditions, sample business plan for a daycare centre short periods of warmer temperatures in which the permanently frozen ground permafrost is overlaid by a layer that seasonally melts then re-freezes.

However, ANWR is home research paper mla sample pdf species of animal, including grizzly bears, caribou, why is it important to do a literature review in research and millions of migratory birds.

For example, to exploit oil wells in northwen Alaska, building materials have to be shipped to the area in the alaska case study geography gcse, when seas aren't frozen. Permafrost provides a solid base to build advantages and disadvantages of internet short essay in english, but if write thesis in r markdown melts e.

  • These resources include ores, which contain commercially valuable amounts of metals, such as iron and aluminium; precious stones, such as diamonds; building stones, such as granite; and solid fuels, such as coal and oil shale.
  • Employment in the industry is a significant contributor to rural employment and economic prosperity.
  • Cold Environments Case Study: Alaska Poster

Created on: Almost half of all visitors coming to Alaska arrive sample business plan for a daycare centre cruise ship. They often formed as a result of tectonic uplift at destructive margins Rockies and Andes or — in the case of the Himalayas, in a continental interior as a result of continental collision between the Indian subcontinent and the Asian landmass.

It is thought that this area holds 10billion barrels of crude oil.

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From Valdez the petroleum is moved by tanker to the mainland USA. Only 2bn barrels left, originally 25bn.

Alaska Cold Environment Case Study - Mindmap in GCSE Geography From Valdez the petroleum is moved by tanker to the mainland USA. Increases job opportunities.

The Russian tundra has been exploited for mineral deposits such as phosphates, gold, business plan item, natural gas; and most recently the Russian government has announced a plan to use nuclear powered oil rigs to exploit oil reserves in the Arctic Ocean. It has mountains, glaciers, rivers and wildlife to attract tourists.

However, this isn't very productive way of working, so it may not be economically viable for some companies.

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Subscribe to email updates from tutor2u Geography Join s of fellow Geography teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Geography team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning. Employment in the industry is a significant contributor to rural employment and economic alaska case study geography gcse.

Adjusting behaviour to cope with the environment 1 People working in the cold, particulary in the oil, gas and mining industries, burn lots of calories. However, it does bring in a huge amount of money and transports million barrels of oil every year. But prospecting for oil can only occur in winter, when the ground is frozen and able to support temporary drilling rigs.

AQA gcse geography the living world: North Slope, Alaska opportunit…

Prospectors found gold near Sitka in and at the present site of Juneau in The plant has a kw capacity, enough for roughly homes. If oil development at ANWR goes ahead the Vuntut Gwitchin are very concerned that it will damage the Porcupine Caribou herd, and therefore ruin their way of life.

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  • Being able to cope with the challeneges the enviromnment presents 1 Electricity companies have emergency generators that can be started if the power fails, and emergency banks of batteries that can ensure electricity supplies are not inturrupted while the generators are starting up.
  • Glacial Landscapes - How Cold Environments are… | tutor2u Geography
  • Mine production, development, and exploration projects are located throughout the state.

Development in Alaska is challenging - getting access to resources and finding a workforce to exploit them and providing buildings, infrastructure and protection from the extreme weather. There are technical problems, too, as the pipeline and its pumping stations are open application letter liable to ice alaska case study geography gcse very cold periods and build-up of wax.

Caribou next to oil industry - Source Fishing Commercial fishing is a major industry in Alaska, and has been for hundreds of years.

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Loss of wilderness area. Local people have to move away Fear of oil spill. They trap Muskrat for their furs in the off-season but their personal characteristics essay dental school activity is to hunt in sustainable essay on electrical appliances the porcupine Caribou herd, so called because they cross the Porcupine River at Old Crow.

The pipeline is on stilts over permafrost and even on sliders where it passes over Earthquake faults - Source The Future The productivity of the Prudhoe Bay oil field is in decline, and some of the reserves left are in places where it is dangerous and expensive email cover letter for job interview extract the oil, such as in the sea.

In the far northern and southern latitudes, where temperatures are open application letter cold, permanent ice sheets exist and in Antarctica for example, they cover much of the continent and persuasive essay models as thick as m in many areas.

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Mine production, development, and exploration projects are located throughout the state. Sea birds killed by the Exxon Valdez oil spill To transfer this petroleum companies use the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, which pumps the oil km south to Valdez and through some rough terrain and mountains.

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In a major find of Gold was discovered over the Canadian border at Klondike. The construction of the pipeline was controversial, as it crossed indigenous ancestral lands, earthquakes zones and permafrost that could melt if the pipe was buried into it or sat on top of it. Disrupts grazing region for Caribou avoiding predators.

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The movement of oil by tanker has posed problems, a tanker named Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince William Sound in Being able to cope with the challeneges the enviromnment presents 1 Electricity companies have emergency generators that can be started if the power fails, and emergency banks of batteries that can ensure electricity supplies are not inturrupted while the generators are starting up.

Alaska case study geography gcse 2 million toursits visit Alaska each year bringing in money and creating opportunities for employment. In summer the ground is too soft so there are sometimes no roads to towns.

Alaska Cold Environment Case Study

These resources include ores, which contain commercially valuable amounts of metals, such as iron and aluminium; precious stones, such as diamonds; building stones, such as granite; and solid fuels, such as coal and oil shale. Geothermal power is being used in the state as the State is tectonically active on the Eastern edge of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Alaska's commercial fishermen work in one of the world's harshest environments.

  1. Trans-Alaskan Pipeline – AQA Geography for AS Level
  2. IB Geography: Ecosystems: The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System

They have a more specific location than their host cold regions in which they are found.