Some telephone interviews were also done with government expects in the construction industry. A project that stands still is dying the role of leadership in project management thesis it is ailing. Phelani specifies that employee oriented leaders emphasizes interpersonal relations and take a personal interest in the needs of their employees and accepted individual differences among members. This paper investigates the challenges that are faced by government initiated construction projects in developing countries and suggests possible ways of addressing them through effective leadership. Thus Niladri emphasizes processes, strategies and knowledge as essential elements in defining project management. How can the leadership needs of developing countries be met?
She explains that they are responsible for achieving the goals within the agreed schedule and economic parameters. Successful construction project management requires the coordinated roles of various citing websites in essay apa including technical experts such as architects, engineers, surveyors, planners, project managers, contractors and subcontractors among others.
Consequently, the study recommends that small scale enterprises should adopt transactional leadership style but strategize to transit to transformational leadership style as their enterprises develop, grow and mature.
He explains that a transactional leader would be engaged in an exchange or a transaction where pay, status or other rewards are exchanged for work effort.
Dealing with Project Management Challenges through effective Project Leadership
Interglobe Consulting further states that contoh personal statement kgsp, situational, transactional and transformational leadership styles seem to work most effective when managing projects and leading people. Recognizing the importance of infrastructure in general and construction in particular, governments usually establish an agency responsible for administering their construction.
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Thus, a nation lacking infrastructure lacks the very elements that make society function smoothly. Challenges Faced at Project Planning and Construction 1. The Zimbabwean case was attractive considering the fact that the country is located in Sub-Saharan Africa and its growth rate is similar to most developing nations and thus would reflect scenarios found in most developing countries.
The case of Zimbabwe was used to tackle these questions. The process of project construction management is long and involves a large number of separate and connected tasks. It is concerned with the identification of the client objectives in terms of utility, function, quality, time and cost, and the establishment of relationships between resources.
Thus both Maxwell and Kotter understand leadership and management as two different the role of leadership in project management thesis complimentary actions. Costa rica thesis statement According to Ghee and Daft Some of the limitations of the trait theory include the fact that it does not pay attention to environmental factors that may differ from situation to situation. In this paper I sought to address the following questions: Importance of Leadership in Successful Completion of Projects 4.
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What is the current scenario with regards to leadership in the construction sector? Their analysis showed that the traits of transformational leadership style exert positive but insignificant effects on followers and performance.
Challenges Faced at Tendering Stage 9. How can the leadership needs of developing countries be met? Additionally, it fails to explain leadership failures in spite of the required skills.
Good leadership is also crucial in government construction projects since poor performance can have negative repercussions for the costa rica thesis statement and the general population. However, the construction sector in developing countries has features and processes that make leadership even more vital.
How relevant is leadership in addressing these challenges? Zimbabwe Chronicle Monday, 29 April 1. This research potentially contributes to both academics and management practices. In a similar study in Malaysia Ahmand and Muenjohn conclude that the behaviors associated with transactional leadership seem business plan template free have more impact on organizational performance than transformational leadership in Malaysian SMEs.
Challenges Faced save daughter essay the Stage of Producing Information 8.
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The response period was one week, after which data contoh personal statement kgsp collected. Additionally, there is an emphasis on vision or expectation and the issue of maximizing potential. Some telephone interviews were also done with government expects in the construction industry. Challenges Faced at Schematic Design 7.
Rooted in behaviouralism, the theory focusses on the actions of leaders not on mental qualities or internal stress and believes that people can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation. On the other hand Laissez faire leaders do not interfere; they allow the team to make many of the decisions especially when the team is highly capable and motivated and do not need close monitoring and supervision.
Some traits can be acquired through training and traits cannot be identical to the extent of having leaders with matching traits. However, University of Michigan came up with two dimensions of leadership behavior that were considered critical; these are employee oriented and production oriented. It includes behavior that attempts to organize work, work relationships and goals.
As specified by the RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects,the construction project life cycle consists of various stages with different responsibilities. Phelani specifies that employee oriented leaders emphasizes interpersonal relations and take a personal interest in the needs of their employees and accepted individual differences among members.
Role of leadership in complex projects
Thus, the Zimbabwean government established the Ministry of Public Works and the Ministry of National Housing whose responsibilities, among others, are to ensure the successful completion of government construction projects and maintain these project. This prompted me to study the Zimbabwean case.
Construction projects are very crucial in developing countries essentially because they are associated with infrastructure growth which is associated with employment creation and economic development. Andersen et.
Batten defines leadership as the development of a clear and complete system of expectations in order to identify, evoke and use the strengths of all save daughter essay in the organisation; the most important of which is people.
According to them sample thesis about business pdf effectiveness of a decision procedure depends upon a number of aspects of the situation: Ghee and Daft A detailed analysis of do you sign a personal statement for graduate school of these stages in the context of the Zimbabwean Government initiated construction projects will be made later in this paper.
Academic books, journals and web pages were the major sources of the literature. This paper investigates the challenges that are faced by government initiated construction projects in developing countries and suggests possible ways of addressing them through effective leadership.
A pilot study was done to assess whether the questions can be easily understood and editing was done in that regard.
Experience dealing with Construction Projects 2. Interviews were administered to senior government officials in the Ministry of Public Works and the Ministry of National Housing, the two Ministries responsible for construction work in government.
This was followed by interviews to clarify some of the issues raised in the questionnaire responses. The transactional leader motivates subordinates to perform as per expectation. These principles include encouraging participative decision making, open communication, delegation, conflict resolution, task monitoring, and inculcating the skill of breaking a large complicated task into small manageable tasks in team members.
On the other hand Antanokis et. It informs strategic groups not only in the Zimbabwean construction industry but in other developing nations and possibly developed countries as well.
A project that stands still is dying because it is ailing. Vroom and Yetton are well known proponents of the contingency theory. This role requires management and leadership skills where the emphasis lies on managing the project data and leading the project team members. Initiation structure according to Antonakis et. In doing this, attention should be paid to contexts because they differ.
However, given the fact that contexts differ and so do sectors; the conclusions and recommendations reached might only be more applicable to the government spearheaded construction projects in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Zimbabwe.
Burindusa n. The Michigan researchers strongly favored leaders who were employee oriented in their behavior since they were associated with high group productivity and higher job satisfaction. Moreover, the traits required to achieve a leadership position cannot be the same as those required to sustain it.
Additionally, the project leader is also responsible for leading the team in such a way that the goals are achieved within the agreed timeframe. Thus, effective leadership is essential and can provide answers to the many challenges that the construction sector faces which has long term socioeconomic implications for developing countries.
The respondents were asked questions where they provided their own ideas regarding project leadership in the construction sector.
Additonally, Andersen et. Ofori provides this point and concludes that economic growth and socio-economic development are particularly important for developing countries, and the construction industry plays a central role in driving both of these.
Hemmrich notes that project leaders are responsible for the overall operational leadership of a project. Tichapondwa the role of leadership in project management thesis Tichapondwa indicate that a project manager can identify a troubled project through rampant schedule delays and missed commitments, existence of low morale and lack of teamwork that destroy the project members.
Furthermore, she stresses that the style of leadership affects performance since performance cannot be achieved in the absence of a leadership that can adapt to the changes and challenges of the environment, that knows how to motivate the employees and thesis na may abstract encourages them to take more ownership of their work.
Several studies have been undertaken to investigate factors leading to low productivity, cost overruns and hazards among other challenges in specific construction projects but less has been done to discuss the general challenges facing construction projects. However, Touwen highlights that project management involves, among other things, managing competing demands for scope, time, cost, risk, quality, managing expectations of stakeholders and identifying requirements.
Construction projects by governments demand huge financial and technical resources and the project teams are usually large and diverse.
On the other hand production oriented leaders emphasizes the technical or task aspects of the job with their major concern being accomplishing their groups tasks. Hence, it is important to study the construction sector and iron out the challenges likely to be faced in this sector.
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Kendra provides that behavioral theories of leadership believe that great leaders are not born. Project Management institute Thus, in general, the definitions of project management emphasize the characteristics of projects as unique in business plan precast concrete, having a defined timeframe, an approved budget, specified resources and a set of processes.
Highest Level of Education 3.